The first American wines were produced in 1952 and these wines were probably produced by immigrants. The many Europeans who settled everywhere in the 16th and 17th centuries planted vines in almost all states. Here they were confronted in the 19th century with the greatest enemy of the European vines: Phylloxera. No vine was left untouched and a solution was only found more than twenty years later. American vines proved resistant to the phylloxera and vintners everywhere started grafting their European grape varieties onto American rhizomes.
Prohibition, the crisis of the 1930s and the World Wars ultimately left only a handful of winegrowers in America. Today, more than 90% of the total wine production comes from California. This area has an ideal climate on the coast and enjoys a lot of sun. The growing season is long, so the grapes ripen slowly and develop a fruity taste. About 60% is planted with blue grape varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah and Zinfandel. 40% with white grapes such as Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc.
Chardonnay is the most commonly planted, and many California Chardonnays are wood-aged. They have distinctive rich fruit flavors of pear, melon and peach with buttery oak notes.
Le Connaisseur sells a wide range of Californian wines, including wines from Beringer, Bernardus, Cambria Estate, Cardinale Estate, Dominus Estate, Edna Valley Vineyard, Freemark Abbey Wines, Frei Brothers, Hirsch Vineyards, J Vineyards, Kendall Jackson en Jackson Family, La Crema Wines, Louis M. Martini, Marimar Estate, Murphy Goode Wines, Napa Cellars, Nielson Wines, Rutherford Wine Company, Orin Swift Cellars, Schug Winery, Quady Winery Elysium, Talbott Vineyards, Ulysses Vineyard and Vérité Wines.