Appellation Contrôlée (AC) Bordeaux wine is a classification of wine produced in the Bordeaux region of southwestern France. It is a regulated classification system that ensures that the wine meets specific standards and is made according to certain guidelines.
The AC Bordeaux classification covers a wide range of wines, from red to white, from sweet to dry. The red wines are made from a blend of grape varieties, including Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot and Malbec, while the white wines are made from Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon and Muscadelle grapes.
The grapes used in AC Bordeaux wines are grown in specific vineyard areas in the Bordeaux region, which are known for their unique soil and climatic conditions. The grapes must also meet certain ripeness and quality standards before they can be used to produce AC Bordeaux wines.
Once harvested, the grapes are carefully fermented and aged in oak barrels to enhance their flavor and texture. AC Bordeaux wines must also meet strict regulations regarding alcohol content, residual sugar and other factors to ensure consistency and quality across all producers.