Appellation Contrôlée (AC) Saint-Émilion wine is a classification of red wine produced in the Saint-Émilion subregion of southwestern France, located on the right bank of the Gironde River in the Bordeaux wine region. It is a regulated classification system that ensures that the wine meets specific standards and is made according to certain guidelines.
The AC Saint-Émilion classification only includes red wines, which are typically made from a blend of grape varieties, including Merlot, Cabernet Franc, and sometimes Cabernet Sauvignon and Malbec. The grapes used in AC Saint-Émilion wines are grown in specific vineyard areas in the Saint-Émilion sub-region, which are known for their unique soil and climatic conditions.
Once harvested, the grapes are carefully fermented and aged in oak barrels to enhance their flavor and texture. AC Saint-Émilion wines must also meet strict regulations regarding alcohol content, residual sugar and other factors to ensure consistency and quality across all producers.
The resulting AC Saint-Émilion wines are known for their elegance and complexity. They usually have a deep ruby red color and a complex flavor profile with notes of dark fruit, such as blackberry and black cherry, as well as hints of spice, earth and leather. They are characterized by their medium to full body, balanced tannins and a long and smooth finish. AC Saint-Émilion wines are considered some of the best wines in the world.