Biodynamic wine is a type of wine produced using principles and techniques derived from biodynamic farming. Biodynamic farming is a holistic and sustainable farming approach that takes into account the interdependence of all living organisms and the natural rhythms of the earth. This way of making wine is based on the anthroposophical principles of Rudolf Steiner.
In biodynamic viticulture, the vineyard is seen as a self-contained ecosystem, with its own unique set of soil, plants, animals and microorganisms. The focus is on taking care of the health of the soil and plants, rather than treating diseases and pests with chemicals.
Biodynamic practices in wine production may include using compost and natural fertilizers, planting cover crops to prevent erosion and promote biodiversity, and following a lunar calendar for vineyard tasks such as pruning, planting, and harvesting. Biodynamic winemakers also use minimal intervention in the winemaking process, allowing the natural fermentation of the grapes to take place without added yeasts or other additives.
The goal of biodynamic wine production is to create a wine that reflects the unique terroir of the vineyard and expresses the natural characteristics of the grapes. Biodynamic wine is often considered to be of high quality and may also appeal to those interested in sustainable and environmentally friendly practices.