Located in northeastern France, Champagne is the northernmost area suitable for viticulture in the country. The Marne, a tributary of the Seine, flows through the area.
Hundreds of sparkling wines are made worldwide, but only wine from the legally defined Champagne region can actually bear the coveted name Champagne.
The cool climate ensures a pleasant acidity of the wine. The limestone soil in the region contains minerals that give the sparkling wine its specific taste. The combination of the cool climate, the limestone soils and the location of the vineyards provide ideal conditions for the base wines of champagne, made from Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier and Chardonnay.
Most Champagnes are made from a blend of grapes from different vintages to use the desired quality and consistency (non vintage wine). In exceptional years, the best part of the wine is used to create a vintage champagne.